Landscaping design is a developing art and profession practiced by landscape architects, incorporating both culture and nature in harmony to create an outdoor living space. In modern practice, landscaping design bridges the gap between garden planning and landscape architecture. This is because it incorporates creating living space outside the home by combining the practical with the inspirational. The landscape architect plans the overall design of the property. It involves the selection of plants for different spaces, such as pathways, seating areas, decks and patios. The layout is then mapped out on paper or on computer models. This allows for the inclusion of features such as water features, decking, built-in benches, play equipment, walkways, lighting and walls, which complement and enhance the overall design. This planning and execution of landscaping design provide a playground for the creative and innovative designer. In addition, it is the landscape architect’s responsibility to ensure that all necessary permits are in place, as well as ensure that the site is suitable for landscaping. They are also responsible for liaising with local residents and ensuring they have a positive experience of the landscaping design process. This involves communication with neighbours, maintaining good relationships with existing neighbours, as well as learning how to deal with the neighbours sensitively. The landscape designer also has to ensure that the project meets all applicable local and government laws. There are several key techniques used during the landscaping design process. These include planting, texture, lighting, types of vegetation, hillsides and embankments. It should be noted that all of these components can change over time due to environmental, climate and weather conditions. Planting, texture and lighting are three main components of a landscape design. Landscapes can be categorized into different types and groups. Examples include cityscapes, countryscapes, coves, beachscapes, woodlandscapes and vernaculars. Planting plays an important role in the creation of a landscape design. Different plants can be incorporated depending on the size of the home and the surrounding areas. Landscapes can also include various types of vegetation including shrubs, ground covers, grass and flowers. The types of vegetation are selected depending on their texture, height, appearance and maintenance requirements. For example, shrubs are chosen for large areas because they are low maintenance, easy to maintain, look good, provide year round shelter, increase property value and can tolerate drought. Grass and ground cover provide year-round shelter, privacy, shade and can withstand drought. The next technique includes texture; which can be applied to create certain characteristics such as form, dimension, formality and flow. Landscape designers can incorporate materials such as sand, gravel, stone, concrete and other aggregates. Water features such as fountains and pools add to the appearance of the landscape design by regulating water runoff and creating a relaxing environment around the home. Including walkways, planting beds, flowerbeds and decks are additional techniques used in the creation of a beautiful outdoor space. Including plantings provides an added benefit of improving soil fertility. Landscaping is often viewed as an aesthetic endeavor, but the functionality of the finished landscape can be just as important. The correct landscaping can help to eliminate potential safety hazards, reduce air pollution and reduce energy costs. A beautiful landscape feature adds beauty and value to a home, while increasing the marketability of the property. Creating a beautiful outdoor space can be the ideal way to enhance a property and its appeal to visitors and neighbors. Landscaping design should meet the specifications of the homeowner. When landscape designers are hired, they can assist in the planning and execution of the design project. They will walk the homeowner through the process of design development and consultation with the homeowner. Landscape designers are experienced in planning and implementing design concepts that meet the specifications of the homeowner. In essence, they develop ideas and bring those ideas to life.